Be informed in the workplace.
Workplace discrimination can come in many shapes and forms. In any case, the discrimination of an employee for any reason is not only frowned upon, but legally unacceptable and punishable by law. In this multi-post blog series, we will answer a multitude of frequently asked questions regarding employment and workplace discrimination. In part one of this series, we introduce the basic definition of workplace discrimination, federal discrimination laws and the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission.
What is Discrimination?
Simply stated, employment discrimination is any unjust or unfair treatment of an individual or group of people due to an aspect of their personal life. This could include their gender, sexual preference, heritage, health, social status etc.
What Are the Federal Laws Prohibiting Job Discrimination? There are various laws that have been put into action to protect the rights of an employee in regards to workplace discrimination. A few of the basics are listed below:
- Equal Pay Act (1963) – This was set into action in hopes of battling gender based wage discrimination.
- Civil Rights Act, Title VII (1964) -This act began the prohibition of any workplace discrimination that could be identity based. This includes, race, religion, ethnicity, gender etc.
- Age Discrimination in Employment Act (1967) – This prevents ageism in the workplace and promoted equal opportunity for employees over 40 years of age.
- Americans with Disabilities Act (1990) – This act disallows any discrimination against employees with a disability.
What is the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission?
As set forth by the U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC), the EEOC is, “responsible for enforcing federal laws that make it illegal to discriminate against a job applicant or an employee because of the person’s race, color, religion, sex (including pregnancy), national origin, age (40 or older), disability or genetic information. It is also illegal to discriminate against a person because they complained about discrimination, filed a charge of discrimination, or participated in an employment discrimination investigation or lawsuit. Most employers with at least 15 employees are covered by EEOC laws (20 employees in age discrimination cases). Most labor unions and employment agencies are also covered. The laws apply to all types of work situations, including hiring, firing, promotions, harassment, training, wages and benefits.”
Understanding employment and workplace discrimination is essential for managing or functioning in a healthy, legally sound and employee centered workplace. Be sure to check back next week as we continue introducing the various concepts of employee discrimination.
About Josephine’s Professional Staffing
Founded in 1988, Josephine’s Professional Staffing has nearly 25 years of business success and is continuously committed to providing superior quality staffing solutions to companies in the Bay Area. We proactively and consistently search for avenues to provide staffing solutions in the field of administrative, accounting, healthcare, light industrial, technical and professional services while taking pride in each of our employees. Josephine’s Professional Staffing is a Certified Small Business Enterprise (SBE), Underutilized Disadvantaged Business Enterprise (UDBE), and Minority Woman-Owned Business Enterprise (MWOBE). We can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org or 4008.943.0111 and are located at 2158 Ringwood Avenue, San Jose, CA 95131.
Photo Credit: Sean MacEntee